Howard Fairbrother

Howard Fairbrother


New Chemistry Bldg 216
Curriculum Vitae
Group/Lab Website
Google Scholar Profile


Research in the Fairbrother group involves aspects of environmental, analytical, physical and materials science and is focused on (i) understanding the mechanisms of depositing nanostructures, and (ii) exploring the environmental implications and applications of nanomaterials.

Understanding Mechanisms of Depositing Nanostructures: One area of active research in our group is to develop a molecular level understanding of technologically important deposition processes are being used to create nanostructures. As part of this effort we are currently collaborating with researchers at the University of Florida and the University of Iceland to identify the surface chemistry and physics associated with the focused electron beam induced deposition (FEBID) of metallic nanostructures using organometallic precursors.

Environmental Implications and Applications of Nanomaterials: We have a wide array of projects focused on exploring the environmental implications as well as the potential applications of engineered nanomaterials, particularly carbon nanotubes. Examples include: (1) exploring the release rates of carbon nanotubes and quantum dots from polymer nanocomposites, (2) photochemistry of carbon based nanomaterials, including carbon nanotubes, graphene and carbon dots, (3) impact of heteroatoms on the flame retarding properties of carbon nanotubes, (4) effect of carbon nanotube incorporation on biofilm formation and biodegradation properties of polymers. Many of these projects are highly collaborative and involve significant interactions with the Department of Geography and Environmental Engineering (DoGEE) at Johns Hopkins, researchers in the EPA funded center on the Life Cycle of Nanomaterials (LCNano), and the Center for Sustainable Nanotechnology (CSN) funded by the National Science Foundation.

Experimental Approach: In all of our studies we use a wide array of experimental techniques, including Atomic Force Microscopy (AFM), X-ray Photoelectron Spectroscopy (XPS), Mass Spectrometry, Infrared Spectroscopy (IR) and UV-Vis Spectroscopy. We have also an array of electron spectroscopies, particularly Transmission Electron Microscopy (TEM) and Scanning Electron Microscopy (SEM) for materials characterization.

The Fairbrother lab also maintains and operates the Johns Hopkins University surface analytical laboratories which are available for use by researchers both within and outside the university.

Fall Semester AS.030.307- Physical Chemistry Laboratory

Spring Semester AS.030.452 – Materials & Surface Characterization

Displaying the 20 most recent publications. View the Google Scholar Profile for complete publications list.

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AC McGeachy, LL Olenick, JM Troiano, RS Lankone, ES Melby, ...
Resonantly Enhanced Nonlinear Optical Probes of Oxidized Multiwalled Carbon Nanotubes at Supported Lipid Bilayers
The Journal of Physical Chemistry B, 2017

RS Lankone, J Wang, JF Ranville, DH Fairbrother
Photodegradation of polymer-CNT nanocomposites: effect of CNT loading and CNT release characteristics
Environmental Science: Nano, 2017

WC Hou, WM Henderson, I Chowdhury, DG Goodwin, X Chang, S Martin, ...
The contribution of indirect photolysis to the degradation of graphene oxide in sunlight
Carbon 110, 426-437, 2016

GA Duncan, S Gerecht, DH Fairbrother, MA Bevan
Diffusing Colloidal Probes of kT-Scale Biomaterial–Cell Interactions
Langmuir 32 (46), 12212-12220, 2016

DP Durkin, T Ye, EG Larson, LM Haverhals, KJT Livi, HC De Long, ...
Lignocellulose Fiber-and Welded Fiber-Supports for Palladium-Based Catalytic Hydrogenation: A Natural Fiber Welding Application for Water Treatment
ACS Sustainable Chemistry & Engineering 4 (10), 5511-5522, 2016

PC Trulove, DP Durkin, ET Fox, LM Haverhals, PJ Fahey, KE Ryall, ...
(Invited) Towards Advanced Functional Natural Polymer Materials through Ionic Liquid Based Methods
Meeting Abstracts, 3545-3545, 2016

JA Spencer, YC Wu, L McElwee-White, DH Fairbrother
Electron Induced Surface Reactions of cis-Pt (CO) 2Cl2: A Route to Focused Electron Beam Induced Deposition of Pure Pt Nanostructures
Journal of the American Chemical Society 138 (29), 9172-9182, 2016

RB Reed, T Zaikova, A Barber, M Simonich, R Lankone, M Marco, ...
Potential environmental impacts and antimicrobial efficacy of silver-and nanosilver-containing textiles
Environmental science & technology 50 (7), 4018-4026, 2016

J Wang, RS Lankone, RB Reed, DH Fairbrother, JF Ranville
Analysis of single-walled carbon nanotubes using spICP-MS with microsecond dwell time
NanoImpact 1, 65-72, 2016

GA Duncan, DH Fairbrother, MA Bevan
Diffusing colloidal probes of cell surfaces
Soft matter 12 (21), 4731-4738, 2016

DG Goodwin, Z Xia, TB Gordon, C Gao, EJ Bouwer, DH Fairbrother
Biofilm development on carbon nanotube/polymer nanocomposites
Environmental Science: Nano 3 (3), 545-558, 2016

RM Thorman, TP Ragesh Kumar, DH Fairbrother, O Ingólfsson
The role of low-energy electrons in focused electron beam induced deposition: four case studies of representative precursors
Beilstein journal of nanotechnology 6 (1), 1904-1926, 2015

JA Spencer, JA Brannaka, M Barclay, L McElwee-White, DH Fairbrother
Electron-Induced Surface Reactions of η3-Allyl Ruthenium Tricarbonyl Bromide [(η3-C3H5) Ru (CO) 3Br]: Contrasting the Behavior of Different Ligands
The Journal of Physical Chemistry C 119 (27), 15349-15359, 2015

JL Bitter, J Yang, S BeigzadehMilani, CT Jafvert, DH Fairbrother
Correction: Transformations of oxidized multiwalled carbon nanotubes exposed to UVC (254 nm) irradiation
Environmental Science: Nano 2 (3), 297-297, 2015

A Dollinger, CH Strobel, H Bleuel, A Marsteller, G Ganteför, ...
Growth modes of thin films of ligand-free metal clusters
Journal of Applied Physics 117 (19), 195302, 2015

DG Goodwin Jr, KM Marsh, IB Sosa, JB Payne, JM Gorham, EJ Bouwer, ...
Interactions of microorganisms with polymer nanocomposite surfaces containing oxidized carbon nanotubes
Environmental science & technology 49 (9), 5484-5492, 2015

WC Hou, I Chowdhury, DG Goodwin Jr, WM Henderson, DH Fairbrother, ...
Photochemical transformation of graphene oxide in sunlight
Environmental science & technology 49 (6), 3435-3443, 2015

JA Spencer, SG Rosenberg, M Barclay, YC Wu, L McElwee-White, ...
Understanding the electron-stimulated surface reactions of organometallic complexes to enable design of precursors for electron beam-induced deposition
Applied Physics A 117 (4), 1631-1644, 2014

J Wu, DG Goodwin Jr, K Peter, D Benoit, W Li, DH Fairbrother, JD Fortner
Photo-Oxidation of Hydrogenated Fullerene (Fullerane) in Water
Environmental Science & Technology Letters 1 (12), 490-494, 2014

H Huang, H Fairbrother, B Teychene, G Ajmani, TA Chalew, MJ Gallagher, ...
Carbon nanotube composite membranes for small ‘designer’water treatment systems
Water Science and Technology: Water Supply 14 (5), 917-923, 2014